In September 2009, the third richest man on the Forbes 2001 rich list, Yung Yeung, showed up at a press conference in Montgomery with Gov. Bob Riley to announce plans by his company, Hybrid Kinetic Motors, to build a $1.5 billion auto plant in Baldwin County, to employ 6,000 workers and produce 3 million hybrid vehicles a year by 2018.
Weeks after that announcement, another former Chinese auto tycoon announced plans for a $2 billion hybrid auto plant that would employ 4,500 workers at a site near Tunica, Mississippi, making 250,000 hybrid cars a year “within the next few years.”
Heading up the Mississippi plan was Charles Wang, a former partner of Yeung. Back in China, they had gotten rich running Brilliance China Automotive Holdings Ltd., a Chinese state-owned maker of SUVs.
Both left China after a falling out with the government and moved to Singapore, where they conspired to become the world’s largest producer of hybrids.
Then the two partners had a falling out of their own and formed separate companies with the same mission. Yeung staked out Alabama. Wang, Mississippi.
“Vast Vision of a Man from Hong Kong,” in our April 2010 issue, offered assessments of Yeung’s plans by Alabama officials and industry experts. Alabama Development Office Director Neal Wade pegged the odds at “better than 50-50.”
“Actually, it’s a visa factory” reported Automotive News. The plants were a scheme for wealthy Chinese to invest as little as $500,000 in return for a permanent green card.
A successful visa scheme, if that’s all it was, probably would have required a more viable U.S. operation. Neither plant ever broke ground.
But maybe green card investors in the U.S. are now turning the tables on China.
In 2017 Yeung’s representatives, at the Shanghai Auto Show, announced plans for producing hybrids in China. Hybrid Kinetic Motors, using U.S. technology, they said, will build plants “in three to five locations across the country, with an initial production capacity of 300,000 units within three years, eventually expanding the capacity to 1 million units,” reported the South China Morning Post.
Chris McFadyen is the editorial director of Business Alabama.